Hut, the oldest type of housing, stemming from the Neolithic, was widespread in the Middle Ages throughout Europe.

The cottage is a type of semi-buried house, built of oak, plane having four rooms (one in Castranova, Dolj County) and three rooms (one in Draghiceni, Olt County).

Harsh weather, with strong winds and large temperature differences between summer and winter, and Turkish incursions north of the river made centuries in a row, and, not least, the tradition was perpetuated conditions that copies of this type Living in southern Romania, in Oltenia, until the first half of the twentieth century.

On entering the hut, there are two "cosorobi 'heads carved in the shape of horse exterior, which are designed to protect the house from evil spirits.

By keeping an ancient construction techniques, as the universe of life that it presents, hut it is the testimony of a great historical values, social and cultural.

You can visit this type of housing in Caracal, in the Memorial "Iancu Jianu".

In Romania collected only meet in the hills of Oltenia. A few copies are found in Muntenia, Arges County. Another time range of the vesicles and stretched on the plain areas adjacent to the Bucharest but plucked from the lowlands, fewer from the beginning, disappeared faster than others. [3]

It seems that the etymology of the term comes from the Turkish word "kule" which means tower. Vestiges are specific to the XVIII and XIX building.

Essentially collected boyars dwellings were built to defend life had taken their families against invasion by bands of jefuitoriotomani, come south of the Danube. Usually collected, which were a form of 3-4 storeys tower were provided with battlements where firing weapons in any part of the court.

The cellar is well. The staircase to the upper floors could be furniture, doors were massive, solid basement, 1 meter thick walls and strengthen the beams pierced the ramparts, narrow windows. A rather special detail is the presence of some vesicles sanitary annexes in a separate body, a narrow turn, linked to the main body through an air corridor as a closed bridge.

Besides its function of housing, Manor is a construction that not only protects the owner of danger from outside, but possible riots and their subjects on the estate. Because of this, many vesicles around the ground was cleared, to prevent unseen attackers near any kind.

Over time, they perform different functions vesicles with smaller or more complex character, distinguished three categories:

  •     Collected refuge, defense or temporary housing;
  •     Cule waking and alarm signaling;
  •     Cule-permanent accommodation.

When the Ottoman danger vanished collected no longer had purpose and began to deteriorate, then be abandoned, destroyed.


Manor Galita north of Olt county in Dobroteasa town, village Câmpu Mare, in an area with rich wine tradition - Sâmbureşti. It was built in the late eighteenth century (1790); (GMS Alexander Vlangalis, 1800 - "Priorities and romanatene historical Oltenia", Prof. I.Ciuca), and during the revolt of 1907, the peasants burned a portion of cula, after which it was rebuilt in its present form. Manor takes place on a square plan, it has shingled roof and one of the four sides of the roof is crossed by the chimney for stoves inside. Manor is distinguished by modesty architectural forms, both inside and outside, arranged in a similar way throughout the building. On the outside, which is quite simple, there is a belt that seemed trace a line between the ground floor and other floors. Manor has two levels, each with two rooms, and the link between the two levels and the ground floor is provided by a wooden staircase. (Code LMI - List of Historical Monuments: OT-II-mB-08811)